1802 - 1870 (67 years)
||Richard Yeadon |
||22 Oct 1802
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
||Abt 15 Nov 1802
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- He was baptized at the Independent Congregational Circular Church at Charleston. He was a son of Richard Yeadon.
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Ward 4, p. 102
Richard Yeadon 000 010 000 0000 - 000 100 000 0000
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Ward No. 2, p. 24
Richard Yeadon 000 001 001 0000 - 000 001 001 0000
||1 Nov 1850
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Parishes of St. Philips and St. Michaels, District of Charleston, p. 254a
Richard Yeadon 47 M Atty at Law $23400 S Carolina
Mary V " 38 F "
Elizabeth Palmer 16 F " school
Mary V. Kirk 8 F " "
Charlotte R. Palmer 13 M " "
Elizabeth Russel 58 F "
Richard Y Dwight 12 M " school
Philip Sidney Kirk 14 M " "
John R. McKelvey 16 M " "
Honble Benj F Porter 43 M Attornwy at Law "
||27 Jun 1860
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Ward 4, City of Charleston, District of Charleston, Charleston PO, p. 93
P F Smith 51 M Teacher $8000 $11,030 Vermont
Hariet " 50 F So Ca
Henry Thompson 22 M Bank Officer $6000 $1500 "
Louisa " 19 F "
Agnes L. " 1 F "
Richard " 18 M Clerk "
Mary " 16 F " school
Julia " 13 F twin " "
Videau " 13 F " " "
Robert " 11 M " "
Richard Yeadon 58 M $10000 $100,000 So Ca
Mary " 48 F "
Eliza " 26 F "
Mary " 18 F "
||27 Apr 1870
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Record of Deaths in Columbia, South Carolina and Elsewhere as Recorded by John Glass, 1859-1877
[Page 218] Richard Yeadon Esq'r, a resident of Charleston So. Ca, died in that city April 27, 1870, at a ripe old age. Mr. Yeadon was, and had been for very many years, a highly distinguished and eminent lawyer, in the Courts of the State.... [eulogy]
- The American Whig Review, May, 1850. pp. 477-486
MEMOIR OF RICHARD YEADON, ESQ.,
TULLY, in describing a good and happy man, places him under a well regulated government, in the ripeness of honor, and the full enjoyment of reputation; capable of performing public trusts with safety, and of retreating into the shades of private life with dignity. To these requisites we would add the reflections of having earned character without envy, and of having deserved success by the strict observance of justice in all the relations of life; reflections which, in an eminent degree, belong to him whose biography we are about to write.
Richard Yeadon, whose life presents a noble example of independence in political principle, industry in professional character, integrity in business, of beautiful consistency in the family and friendly relations, was born in the city of Charleston, on the 22d of October, 1802. His paternal grandfather was Richard Yeadon, a native of England, and a watch-maker by trade, who came to this country before the bursting forth of that revolutionary flame, which spread over the continent, and eventually consumed the institutions of monarchy.
Richard, the grandfather, intermarried with Mary Lining, a Carolinian of Scottish descent. In the struggle which ensued between the Whigs of this country and Great Britain, he sided with the former, without considering for a moment any question but the duty he owed to the liberty of the country of his adoption. On the occasion of the capitulation of Charleston, he suffered imprisonment in a prison ship and in the provost; and was, finally with his family, banished to Philadelphia. On the conclusion of the war he returned to Charleston, where he died in 1784 over thirty years of age. He left a widow and four children, with little for their support. His children were, two sons, Richard and William, and two daughters.
Richard, the eldest son, the father of the subject of this memoir, began to provide for himself at the early age of twelve years. He intermarried with the widow Mary Adams, to whom, as Mary You, he had been attached in early life. His consistent devotion to this object of his early affection, was rewarded in the possession of a moderate fortune, and a wife of intelligence and virtue.
Young in life he became an officer in the branch, or office of discount and deposit of the old, or first, United States' Bank, at Charleston, and was one of the tellers of that institution when put in liquidation to aid in the settlement of its affairs. He was retained as an officer after that event. In 1812 he was elected by the Legislature a director of the Bank of the State of South Carolina, and in 1815 or 1816 was chosen deputy cashier, the title of which officer was subsequently changed to that of assistant and transfer clerk.
This position he held at the time of his death, which occurred on the 9th of November, 1841, when he had approached his sixty-ninth year. He left a widow and three children : two daughters, and a son whose life we are engaged in considering.
Mr. Richard Yeadon, the father, had established long before his death, an irreproachable character for integrity and honor. He was known as a good citizen, a faithful officer, and an affectionate parent. He was remarkably kind to his children, giving them all excellent educations, and providing for them liberally. His house was the abode of hospitality, and he was universally acknowledged to be one of the most able and upright bank officers ever known in Charleston.
Mr. Yeadon's maternal grandfather was Thomas You, a native of Carolina, of French Huguenot descent. He was a silversmith by trade, and the apprentice of the father of the late Judge Grimké, who generously aided him in business. At about the age of thirty-two he intermarried with Elizabeth Clifford, a lady of sixteen years of age, and a co-heiress, with the late Mrs. Mary Turpin, of Mr. John Clifford, a gentleman of English descent, and a considerable land owner in Charleston.
Mr. You took active part with his countrymen in the revolution; and, on the occasion of the surrender of Charleston, was doomed, first to the occupancy of the provost and then of a prison ship. He was about to suffer exile with his family, when a severe attack of gout obliged him to receive British protection. He seized, however, an early opportunity of breaking his parole, at the risk of his neck, and took up arms again with his countrymen. He died in 1785, or early in 1786, leaving a widow and five children, among whom was Mary the mother of Mr. Yeadon.
The maternal grandmother, Mrs. Elizabeth You, though left a young, beautiful, and wealthy widow, never again married, but devoted herself faithfully and unweariedly to the care and nurture of her children, a much more noble reason for resisting suitors than the unravelling of the web, which distinguished the ancient wife, so often engaging the praises of poetry. Mrs. You was a lady of vigorous mind, and eminent in virtue and piety. She lived to the extreme age of 86 or 87.
The mother of Mr. Yeadon grew up a very lovely girl. In early life she was attached to Richard Yeadon, the father, but destiny separated them, and she married Mr. John Adams, a planter of Edisto Island. Shortly after marriage Mr. Adams was drowned, in a stormy winter's night, by the upsetting of a row boat, in which he was returning to his plantation from the city. Mrs. Adams was thus left quite a youthful widow, with an infant son, who not long afterwards followed his father to the grave. On the conclusion of a decorous widowhood, this lady again met Mr. Yeadon, and, their long smothered affection reviving, she became his wife. The fate of her first husband induced her to persuade her second to dispose of the Edisto lands and slaves, which was done at the moment when the culture of cotton began to supersede that of indigo.
Mrs. Mary Yeadon, like her mother, was pious and amiable. With a fidelity and self-denial not often equalled, she dedicated her time to the advancement of the interests and happiness of her husband and children. But, though confining herself to this sphere, the graces of her character still expanded, and a large social circle daily attested her meekness, her affectionate and forgiving disposition, her usefulness and benevolence. She died on the 22d of November, 1842.
We have been the more particular in these ancestral notices for the reason that it is delightful, in contemplating the life of a friend, to look back and trace through the lives of those from whom he has sprung, the outlines of the features of character which distinguish him, and render the record of his life lovely. To observe, that his integrity, his charity, his virtues, are not the result of accidental training, or the consequence of a mere yielding of the heart to custom rather than principle, but part of the original property of the race -— hereditary virtues springing directly from the soul, and descending in right lines, and in undiminished purity, to the latest branch.
The parents of Richard Yeadon removing to a residence on Harleston's Green, he entered a school conducted by Mrs. Baker and Mrs. Rogers. Between the ages of six and seven he was transferred to the tuition of Mr. McDow, with whom he began Latin, and with whom he continued till the age of thirteen. For about a year afterwards he studied under Mr. Thomas McCay, whose health failing, he was put under that excellent instructor, the late Mr. Martin L. Hurlbut, who prepared him for college. In October, 1818, and before quite sixteen, he entered the South Carolina College, joining, or rather studying, with the Sophomore class until the examination in December, when he was admitted a member of the Junior class of 1819.
The faculty then consisted of the Rev. Dr. Maxey, D. D., President, and Professor of Rhetoric and Belles Lettres; Thomas Park, M. D., Professor of Languages; Edward Smith, M. D., Professor of Chemistry ; Rev. Christian Hanchell, Professor of Mathematics ; Rev. Robert Henry, D. D., Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy. Dr. Smith having died, in the vacation of Mr. Yeadon's Junior year, in Missouri, the celebrated Thomas Cooper, M. D., succeeded him. Mr. Yeadon's class was the first in the college instructed by this eminent man.
Dr. Maxey died just before the vacation of Mr. Yeadon's Senior year, having been long in such ill health as to be enabled to give but little attention to the class. At the spring exhibition of the Junior class, Mr. Yeadon was assigned a prominent part, and delivered an oration on "Sympathy." At the senior exhibition in March he was again distinguished, and spoke on "The Influence of Morals on Government." When graduated, in December, 1820, he received the second honor, and delivered the salutatory addresses in Latin, and an English oration on the "Influence of Government in forming the Character." The first honor of his class was awarded to James Terry, Esq., once commissioner in equity for Edgfield, who was some six or eight years Mr. Yeadon's senior. The third honors were awarded to Dixon H. Lewis, late United States' Senator from Alabama ; the Rev. Paul Trapier Keith, Rector of St. Michael's, Charleston ; Patrick C. Caldwell, formerly member of Congress from the Newberry District ; Solomon Cohen, Esq., a distinguished lawyer, formerly of Georgetown, now of Savannah, and Robert Brevard, Esq., a citizen of North Carolina.
Leaving college, Mr. Yeadon, in January, 1821, began the study of the law with Messrs. Bennett and Hunt, where he enjoyed the advantage of a large law library, and a familiarity with the details of a considerable practice. In December, 1823, or January, 1824, he was admitted to the bar of the law courts, and in a year or two afterwards, to that of the chancery. While engaged in the study of his profession, Mr. Yeadon went through a long course of reading, both philosophical and legal ; and, entirely under his own direction, impressed on his mind that large stock of the principles of knowledge, from which, in after life, he continues to draw with such facility and effect.
To train his speaking powers, he, about that time, joined a moot court, or debating society, known as the Forensic Club, which embraced among its members many of the most distinguished men of the State — Henry Bailey, C. G. Memminger, Stephen, now Bishop Elliott, Alexander Mazyck, William P. Finley, Edward McCready, and others. In this club Mr. Yeadon acquired the power of extemporary speaking, a faculty which he certainly possesses naturally, but of which, doubtless, the diffidence of youth, and his high appreciation of its importance, retarded the more early development of.
The extraordinary disposition of Mr. Yeadon for labor was here prominently displayed in the zeal with which he engaged in the various discussions before the society : with persevering industry composing and memorising whole speeches, sentence by sentence, without committing any part to paper ; and interweaving, occasionally, extemporaneous replies with prepared matter, until the habit of speaking with great fluency and correctness was acquired. A practice, which cannot bo too highly commended, or too earnestly inculcated, as, whatever the ability of the orator, it tends to give strength to his ideas, and moulds language to the justest proportions of harmonious and elegant diction.
In March, 1826, Mr. Yeadon formed a co-partnership in the practice of law and equity, with Charles Macbeth, Esq., a gentleman, whose mild and engaging disposition, whose firmness of character, and whose able and faithful attention to business, have insured him the respect and admiration of friends, and the justly merited rewards of professional success and political distinction. The connexion of friend and business associate, between this gentleman and Mr. Yeadon, continues through all the vicissitudes of opposing political sentiments.
In 1826, while suffering from an attack of rheumatism, which, from his 19th year, had crippled him, he visited the hot springs of Virginia. He there met with Henry Clay ; but was then as was most South Carolinians, an ardent lover of Andrew Jackson, and felt no great deference for the great commoner of Kentucky. He lived long enough, however, to estimate his great services to the country ; and became one of the most able and eloquent of his defenders.
In 1827 Mr. Yeadon's practice being small, he was appointed by the Legislature one of the special magistrates of Charleston, under a new and excellent system suggested by, and established through, the aid of his own pen. Afterwards, when the same system was still further improved, he was selected, with Henry Trescot, Esq., as judicial magistrate. In this position, Mr. Yeadon underwent a still more advantageous legal training, and prepared himself for these duties in his profession, which now began to flow from his increasing business.
In December, 1829, Mr. Yeadon married Miss Mary Videau Marion, of St. John's, Berkley, a daughter of the late Francis Marion, Esq., the grand-nephew and adopted son of General Francis Marion, that most prominent of all partizan heroes in the glorious picture of revolutionary struggles in South Carolina. This lady, with her hand, brought a heart full of purity and gentleness to her husband. A disposition of mildness and courtesy, and an intelligent mind, enable her to administer the affairs of her household with an ease and judgment, which render it the habitation of peace and comfort. No living issue is the fruit of this marriage.
In the early part of the summer of 1830, an eventful period of Mr. Yeadon's life commenced, in his connexion with the great union and nullification controversy, which then began to rage in South Carolina. At this period, actuated alone by principle, and not pausing to consider the probabilities of success, he connected himself with the Union party ; and was among the prominent speakers at the great meeting at the Union Bower, held on the 4th July, 1831, when party lines were distinctly drawn.
He wielded his pen with singular ability and effect in this cause, for the columns of the City Gazette, in 1830 and 1831, in opposition to Nullification ; and there can be no question that, during the whole period in which this matter was the subject of debate, no single mind aided more in eliciting truth, than that of Mr. Yeadon. Indeed, no man brought to the side of the question, chosen by him, more lucid reasoning, and more dignified and efficient sources.
On leaving college he had read the celebrated pamphlet, written by Mr. McDuffie, signed, "One of the People," and was strongly imbued with its latitudinarian principles. The debates in the Legislature, under the lead of Judge Smith, and Hugh S. Legare, had, however, reduced the standard of Mr. Yeadon's opinions, and he was brought to that position which he has since so consistently and ably sustained.
Mr. Yeadon's belief on this vexed question of politics may be thus defined. He holds the opinion of a divided sovereignty between the States and the Union, — of a Union, sovereign, as respects its delegated powers; of States, sovereign, as regards their reserved rights, — neither possessing the right to trespass on the sovereignty, or the rights of the other ; the Supreme Court of the Union being the constitutional and final arbiter on all disputed questions susceptible of submission to judicial arbitrement, and the ordinary action of our complex Government, with all its checks, balances, and safe-guards, state, federal, and popular, being the practical arbiter in all other cases.
Some other changes, we believe, have been admitted to have taken place in Mr. Yeadon's views, since his conversion to modern State-right doctrines. These are, from believing in secession as a constitutional and peaceable right, to holding it to be revolutionary and treasonable, if attempted, by arms, against the consent of the Government of the Union. From believing in the inexpediency, to a sanction of the absolute expediency, of the Protective system.
He always held, and still holds, the Tariff to be constitutional ; but once believed the adoption of the policy impolitic, and injurious to the South. He now considers it to have been constitutional and expedient, both for South and North; but thinks that the cotton manufacture, at all events, and, perhaps, some others, have reached too high perfection, to require further support from this agency. He is, therefore, opposed, at present, to increasing the duties for that purpose.
The following extracts set this matter in its true light :
Extract from the address of Mr. YEADON, to the patrons of the Courier on taking leave of his Editorial duties.
"The undersigned, in dissolving his editorial relations with the Courier, its patrons and the public, trusts that he will not be deemed intrusive, but meet with a kindly indulgence, in a full, but succinct development of his political creed, and his views on the great political issues of the day.
"He believes that our Government is a happy combination of the federal and national forms, investing the general government with complete sovereignty within its constitutional sphere, and leaving to the several States complete sovereignty within their reserved powers, the whole body being fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, making increase of the body, unto the edifying of itself in love. In cases of conflict between the respective jurisdictions, the Supreme Court of the United States is the constitutional and final arbiter as to all questions susceptible of a judicial determination ; and as to all others, the general government, in its ordinary and regular action, with all its complicated checks on usurpation or abuse of power, is practically, and of necessity, the tribunal of dernier resort.
This results inevitably from the provisions of the federal Constitution, extending the judicial power of the United States to all cases in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made under their authority; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party, and to controversies between two or more States ; and declaring that, this Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made under the authority of the United States, shall be the Supreme law of the land, and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding."
In other words, the very object and purpose of our present admirable Constitution, the work of wisdom by an assembly of patriots and sages, unexampled in the history of the world, were to form a nation, to the extent of the powers conferred on the central government.
"In this admirable scheme of polity, emulating the solar system, as well as the harmony of its action, as in the complexity of its structure, and like it, so nicely adjusting the centripetal and centrifugal forces as to secure the steadiness and lustre of the orb of light and life that stands poised in the centre ; and the fidelity of the revolving planets, of whatever magnitude, to their assigned and respective orbits, without clashing or interference. There is found, too, every desirable check and security against usurpation or abuse of power by the central authority.
"If the foregoing views and opinions are well founded, and that they are so, is believed with unswerving faith and confidence, it follows that the doctrines of nullification and secession, so widely entertained and with such mischievous effects, in the State, are wild and untenable heresies.
"As to the tariff or protective system, the undesigned believes it to be both constitutional and expedient.
"He believes a national bank constitutional as a necessary and proper financial agent of the government, and in order to establish a sound national currency, the regulation of which he believes to be the province and duty of the General Government."
Amidst the intense excitement that prevailed in South Carolina, on the subject of the tariff, in 1831, various modes of redress were suggested. Among them was that of a Southern Convention, which enlisted the pen of Mr. Yeadon ; and which he pressed, as the measure of the Union party, in certain essays in the City Gazette. The unanimity with which this mode of action has been adopted in the South, in reference to a late proposed unconstitutional action of the national authorities in regard to Southern relations, speaks well for the far seeing and prudential views of Mr. Yeadon, of whom, it may also be said, that he was among the first to recommend that measure in the present exigency.
The ardent Unionism of Mr. Yeadon was not without its proscriptive reward, for in December 1831, he was refused a re-appointment to the Magistracy of his native city ; a station of which he had discharged the duties most ably, not less to his own, than the advantage of the country.
While thus breasting fearlessly the strong current of popular sentiment in South Carolina, an observing eye was on him. A. S. Wellington, Esq., the Editor and Proprietor of the Courier, a gentleman whose clear and practical intellect had long illustrated the cause of commerce and of politics in the South, at once saw and appreciated the talents of Mr. Yeadon.
The result was a proposition about the 1st July 1832, that the latter should become an editorial writer for that paper; an offer which was at once accepted. Mr. Yeadon immediately carried into its service, the same energy and industry which has characterised him in every position which he has occupied ; and he became and continued to be the leading Union Editor, in the State, until the close of the nullification controversy. We extract from various papers of the date of Mr. Yeadon's resignation of editorial life, the subjoined testimonials of his standing in the opinion of contemporaries :
"Richard Yeadon, Esq., has retired from the Editorial charges of this paper, Charleston Courier, which he has maintained with signal ability and honor for upwards of twelve years." "He reflected honor upon the Editorial profession, and the best wishes of all his contemporaries of the press follow him in his retirement." — Richmond Times and Compiler.
"Richard Yeadon, Esq., after an able and honorable career of upwards of twelve years, has retired from the Editorial chair of the Charleston Courier." — Baltimore Patriot.
"Richard Yeadon, Esq., has retired from the Editorial management of the Charleston Courier, a post which he has occupied with distinguished ability for the last twelve years. Although we differed from him in politics, a sense of justice compels us to admit that, he was an able, bold, and efficient writer; and that the editorial corps has lost in his retirement, one of its most talented and accomplished members. — Farmer's Gazette, Cheraw, S. C.
"" Charleston Courier. - Richard Yeadon, Esq. for more than twelve years past, the principal editor of this excellent journal, we regret to say, on Monday last, surrendered his connexion with the editorial department of ihis paper, and betook himself to his increasing professional and private engagements. His retirement from a station he has filled with so much credit to himself and the concern, and so much honor to the country and the profession, will be a source of regret to all who had the pleasure of an intercourse with him. To us it is matter of unfeigned sorrow to part company with one, who has been an efficient and valued co-laborer in the cause of our glorious Union, and in the propagation of sound Whig doctrines. Politics aside, however, we venture to assert, that all his contemporaries, from one end of the Union to the other, and we may say all over the world, where his journal has been received, will give him credit for his probity and candor, and for his marked and peculiar amenity of manners. In his withdrawal from the corps editorial, a light has gone from the galaxy, whose effulgence in times past has carried joy and gladness where the gloom of ignorance and error held its dark and slavish dominion. We part with him in sorrow, because in his retirement, the cause of pound and wholesome information and improvement loses a faithful advocate and friend. The laurels he has won are doubly his own, from the perilous and difficult position where he fought for them ; and since duty now calls him from the field of strife, we trust he may find them as sweet to repose upon, as they were honorable and brilliant in their achievement." — Mobile Daily Advertiser.
Other testimonials, called out by this event, would swell our memoir beyond the pages allotted to it. Sufficient it is to say, that a very general outburst of editorial commendations announced it ; and attested the value of the services of Mr. Yeadon to the Union, and the Press.
In the summer of 1832, Mr. Yeadon was appointed a member of the central committee of the Union party, and elected its Secretary; a situation, from the nature of the issue made up between the parties, and the bitterness of the contest, of great confidence and responsibility. In that capacity, and as editor of the Courier, he stood in the front rank in this long to be remembered and terrible State conflict ; receiving on the strong shield which he bore the severest assaults of the State-right's nullification party, and striking vigorously for the cause of the Union, and the Constitution ; and, it may be said, without the partialities of friendship, or the inclination of the partizan, that, during the whole course of that new and vindictive quarrel, no pen, no mind, no heart ever did more to sustain the Union, and to elucidate its blessings, than were brought to the cause by the subject of this memoir.
On the first of January, 1833, Mr. Yeadon became, with Mr. Willington and Colonel King, a co-proprietor of the Courier; and acted as its political and literary editor until the fall of 1844, when he retired; and has never resumed his position, though occasionally contributing to its columns. He persevered in his opposition to nullification, and the Test Oath, till the reconciliation of the parties in 1834, and wherever the Courier went, even where doctrines, counter to those advocated by it, were held, its dignified, its frank and reliable character, was unhesitatingly acknowledged. By those who maintained kindred sentiments it was hailed as the faithful advocate of the Union, the just expounder of the Constitution, the truthful, firm guardian of American liberty.
In 1836, Mr. Yeadon was elected to the Legislature. In that body, instead of devoting himself to the explaining of abstract politics, he set about the reforming of the laws, in many particulars defective ; and in serving the best interests of humianity. He was the author of an important reform in the law of insolvents — of those provisions, giving creditors the right to cross-examine as to the truth of schedules, and to call for the production of books kept by the debtor ; of an act, enlarging the jurisdiction of the City Court, and giving efficiency to executions, issued from it, throughout the district.
He also suggested the project of enlarging the prison bounds, so as to embrace the entire district, and of limited co-partnerships ;— measures which, though they then failed, were subsequently carried out. In October, 1838, Mr. Yeadon was defeated in the canvass for the Legislature, in consequence of his opposition to the sub-treasury, or hard money scheme ; an opposition, which he waged by the side of the lamented Legare.
In 1835 Mr Yeadon, in a series of essays in the Courier, and, subsequently, in pamphlet form, gave the world a lucid, temperate, and learned treatise on the subject of the rights of the South, with respect to slavery. It was fitting that he who had, under such discouragements and hostilities, so nobly stood forth the friend of the Union, in one controversy affecting its integrity, should again raise an arm for its defence in another, not less — perhaps far more — dangerous.
In September, 1838, while on a visit, with General Hayne and others, to Lexington, Kentucky, engaged in furthering the project of uniting Cincinnati with Charleston, by rail-road, Mr. Yeadon was elected an alderman of the city, in which position he served one year, and then declined the poll. During the period of his service in that body, he was instrumental in procuring the enactment of an important measure connected with the cause of education. This was the creation of the high school of Charleston ; and the appropriation of a certain sum, annually, both to that institution, and to the college of Charleston. The plan of the high school, drawn up by Mr. Yeadon, is the most unique and effective of any we ever met with ; and deserves to become the model for all similar establishments. The labors of Mr. Yeadon, in these respects, have conferred very valuable benefits on the youth of Charleston ; not the least of which is, that the valuable services of Dr. Bachman have been procured as Professor of Natural History, for the college of Charleston. Nor is it alone to these institutions that Mr. Yeadon has given his efficient services. As Commissioner of Free Schools, a station which he yet fills, he has labored assiduously for the poorer classes — originating, and pressing to consummation, a local, or parish tax, for the erection of houses for free schools, and for apparatus ; a measure, sanctioned by the Legislature, and which will soon develope advantages commensurate with the dignified objects of the sacred trust.
Up to the summer of 1840 Mr. Yeadon was identified with the Jackson and Van Buren party, though not sanctioning the sub-treasury scheme. At that period he separated from the party on that point, and on account of the charges of abolitionism against the virtuous Harrison. During the canvass of 1840 he remained neutral ; but joined the Whigs on the election of Harrison. He denounced John Tyler's apostacy and treachery, in common with the Whigs of the day, and entered warmly into the contest of 1844, in favor of Henry Clay.
To this struggle Mr. Yeadon brought all his enthusiasm, diligence, and ability. From the mouldering records of past history he revived and disentombed every fact which could tend to the illustration of the policy of his party, or be brought to act as testimony against his opponents. South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, and the District of Columbia, were fields in which he personally shook the ranks of Democracy with his searching, bold, and eloquent appeals ; and arguments, which he had prepared with great industry, and which, with extraordinary force, placed fairly before the popular mind the constitutionality and expediency of the Tariff, — became text books in every discussion in the south-west. In the canvass of 1848 he advocated the election of General Taylor ; but the Whig party, having no distinct organization at that period in his State, he threw himself upon the side of the Taylor Democrats, who triumphantly carried the city. When it began to be evident that an attempt would be made to graft the sentiment of abolitionism on the institutions of the nation, he vigorously took the side of Southern rights. On this topic he knows no Whig, no Democrat. While no man would do more to uphold the Union, or take more pride in its perpetuity, he is prepared to repel the slightest interference with the South, on the slavery question.
Mr. Yeadon's practice at the bar has yielded him remunerating emoluments ; and he is, therefore, possessed of a very handsome fortune. Not only have his industry, and attention to business, been blessed, but his liberality also ; for, while prudence has regulated his private affairs every public and private charity has found him a liberal benefactor.
Mr. Yeadon's capacity for usefulness has devolved on him the performance of many duties in civil and military life. He has filled, with approbation, many important public stations, and he is identified with nearly all of the charitable and school associations of the city. The Northern States, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, are indebted to his pen for some of the finest descriptions of scenery, and the most graphic biographical sketches ever published in this country ; an art of composition in which Mr. Yeadon is remarkably happy, and which causes his presence to be hailed with delight wherever he travels.
Mr. Yeadon's style of speaking is clear and brilliant. He has at ready command a large amount of, not only shining, but pure coin ; and he expends it with ease and gracefulness. The visit of Mr. Webster to Charleston, in 1847, gave Mr. Yeadon a fine opportunity of displaying, not only the warmth of his heart, but of his eloquence too. As fair specimens of his extemporary style, we subjoin extracts from his speeches at the New England Society and Bar dinners to Mr. Webster.
At the first, being called on, Mr. Yeadon said — "He presumed that the call made on him indicated that the company desired from him a sentiment merely, not a speech. That, after the brilliant and almost unparalleled display of oratory, eloquence, and exquisite wit, which had graced the occasion, it would be vain presumption in him to interrupt the further festivity of the evening with a set discourse. He could not forbear, however, giving expression to his gratitude for the courtesy which had made him a participator in the rich and rare enjoyment, that had so signally marked this social and festive scene — that had made him a guest of the family party, given to the favorite son of New England by the descendants of her pilgrim fathers, who had made the sunny South their home.
It afforded him heartfelt pleasure to unite in doing honor to their distinguished guest. He honored him as the light and glory of our literature, the star, the sun of our intellectual sky — as bearing, in oratory and eloquence, the same relation to our country, that Demosthenes and Cicero bore to Greece and Rome ; emblazoning her with an equal lustre — as having won, by a long life of illustrious public service, in the Senate, the cabinet, and the field of diplomacy, not only the title of New England's favorite son, but, also, that of the patriot statesman of America — and as standing forth, by universal acknowledgment, one of the greatest citizens of our great Republic ; belonging not only to his native New Hampshire, and his adopted Massachusetts, but identified with the history, and contributing to the fame of his entire country ; and, therefore, rightfully claimed as the common property of the nation.
There was one particular, too, in which, as a Carolinian, and a Southron, he felt more than commonly proud to do grateful honor to Daniel Webster. In his own Massachusetts, and in the Congress of the Union, he had boldly and patriotically rebuked the mad spirit of fanaticism, that, under the banner of a false philanthropy, would preach a crusade against Southern rights and institutions, and stab to the heart the peace, the prosperity, nay, the very existence of the South. It was gratifying, also, to recal the fact that, in the year 1840, in the capital of the Old Dominion, under the 'October sun' of a Virginia sky, he, Mr. Webster, had given utterance, 'before his entire country,' to the just, patriotic, and constitutional sentiment, and committed it 'to the wings of all the winds,' to be borne to every human ear, whether of friend or foe, of North or South, on all the responsibility that belonged to him — 'THAT THERE is NO POWER, DIRECT OR INDIRECT, IN CONGRESS, OR THE GENERAL GOVERNMENT, TO INTERFERE, IN THE SLIGHTEST DEGREE, WITH THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE SOUTH.'
He proclaimed that we, of the North and South, were citizens of United States — united only for the purposes of common defence, common interest, and common welfare, but separate and independent in every thing connected with their domestic relations, and private concerns. Honor to the man who upholds the Constitution as the bond of our Union, and as the aegis of protection and bulwark of defence, to the separate interests and institutions, each and all, of our United States. He could not conclude, said Mr. Yeadon, without expressing his delight also, at beholding his own native State thus extending welcome and courtesy to Massachusetts, the mother of industry, enterprize and refinement, in the person of her illustrious Senator. It was fitting that old Massachusetts, she that had rocked the cradle of the revolution at Lexington and Bunker's Hill, should be thus met with old affection, and 'time honored' hospitality, by South Carolina — which had not sung the lullaby of our young independence ; but tuned its ear to other, and different music, tba thunder of Fort Sullivan. He gave, as a sentiment,—
"The reception of Mr. Webster in Charleston. The old Palmetto Fort exchanging a friendly salute with Bunker's Hill."
At the Bar dinner to Mr. Webster, Mr. Yeadon spoke as follows :
"He asked leave to pay a common and richly merited tribute to the three greatest men of the Union. The relations borne by their illustrious guest to his city, his State, his section, and me nation at large, naturally suggested to the minds and hearts of all present, two other distinguished citizens of our republic, his co-equals in greatness and fame, whose relations to city, State, section, and nation, were identical with his own. Boston, the Athens of America, Massachusetts, the cradle of the revolution, New England, the home of the Pilgrim Fathers, delighted to do honor to DANIEL WEBSTER, the 'bright star of the East.'
Lexington, the soul of hospitality and intelligence, Kentucky, the eldest of the Western sisterhood, the far and mighty West, in all its vast extent of territory presented the laurel to Henry Clay, the great statesman of the West, who now, alas, in sorrow and desolation, amidst the shades of his own beautiful Ashland, mourns, with crushed and anguished heart, a gallant son, laid as a sacrifice on the altar of his country.
Charleston, the Queen City of the South, South Carolina, the soil of the evergreen palmetto, the South, the sunny South, the home of chivalry and generous sentiment, do homage to John C. Calhoun, the pure and lofty patriot, the fearless champion of the South.
Each of these illustrious men, in his own section, stands unrivalled in greatness and in the popular heart ; and yet each was regarded as the common property of the nation, which had reaped such a long harvest of advantage and fame from their illustrious services in the Senate, in the cabinet and in the diplomatic field. At home, each towered in greatness and elevation, beyond compeer ; but when viewed as the national plain, they rose in the similitude of three lofty and colossal columns, contrasted in their order of architecture, but equal in magnitude and height.
He asked for permission then, as not inappropriate to the grateful occasion, to twine a common garland for the three great men of the republic. He gave Clay, Webster, and Calhoun, the three pyramids of America. Colossal in intellectual proportions, and towering in moral grandeur, they as much exceed those of Egypt in greatness and glory, as the intellectual and the moral are above the physical, they and their memory will be reverenced, while liberty is worshipped and public worth is cherished in this land of the free. The time may come when posterity will say : 'From yonder pyramids more than twenty centuries look down upon our actions.'"
In person, Mr. Yeadon is of respectable medium height, and somewhat stout. His head is what a phrenologist would admire, as happily proportioned, enough of the physical to give stability to the moral and intellectual, and his face is characterised by benevolent and intellectual expression. In disposition he is bland and courteous ; and, though in moments of close attention to business, one may pronounce him occasionally and unconciliatory in manner, this arises more from anxiety to make progress with his engagements, than from a want of appreciation of the particular complaisances of life. Under an exterior sometimes forbidding, is beating a generous and sympathising heart, one ever open to the impressions of philanthropy ; ever overflowing with kindness and urbanity.
In business the most minute particulars engage his observation or memory ; and while, with some men, it requires hours of preparation, to make the transit from one department of business to another, he engages in the greatest variety of transactions with ease and facility. His literary labors are voluminous, and will form a noble treasure in the letters of his native State. It is to be hoped, that the correctness and fluency of his pen will be directed to the elucidation of the history of South Carolina ; a work for which he is eminently qualified, not less by qualities of industry in the collection of materials, than from the elegant character of his diction.
||Stedman/Steadman/Steedman Families of the New World
||28 Oct 2012 |
||Col. Richard Yeadon, b. 14 Jan 1773, Charleston, Charleston Co., SC , d. 9 Nov 1841, Charleston, Charleston Co., SC (Age 68 years) |
||Mary You, b. 19 Sep 1774, d. 22 Nov 1842, Charleston, Charleston Co., SC (Age 68 years) |
||19 Jan 1798
||Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
- Richard Yeadon, Gent., of Charleston, & Mary Adams, of same, widow, 19 Jam. 1798; Joseph Lewis, merchant, trustee; Thomas Tew, Wm. Yeadon, wit. Mar Set 3: 216-220
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
|Born - 22 Oct 1802 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|Christened - Abt 15 Nov 1802 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|Married - 23 Dec 1829 - Saint Johns, Berkeley Co., SC
|1830 Census - 1830 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|1840 Census - 1840 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|1850 Census - 1 Nov 1850 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|1860 Census - 27 Jun 1860 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC
|Died - 27 Apr 1870 - Charleston, Charleston Co., SC