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James Stedman

James Stedman

Male Bef 1747 - Bef 1811  (~ 63 years)

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  • Name James Stedman 
    Born Bef 31 Mar 1747 
    Christened 31 Mar 1747  Petworth, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • From Sussex Family History site:

      James Steadman, son, baptised 31 March 1747, baseborn.
      _______________

      James, baptised 'James STEADMAN, illegitimate' at Petworth in 1747. No clue to the identity of either parent was recorded when he was baptised.
      _____________

      https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N5SW-NY1
      Name: James Steadman
      Gender: Male
      Baptism/Christening Date: 31 Mar 1747
      Baptism/Christening Place: PETWORTH,SUSSEX,ENGLAND
      Birth Date:
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      Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C07089-1
      System Origin: England-ODM
      Source Film Number: 0918253, 0918254
      Reference Number:
      Collection: England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975
    Gender Male 
    Name James Osborn 
    Will 6 Jul 1810  Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ten children are known: James, William, Jonathan, George, Clement, Sarah, Charlotte, Francis, Richard, and Peter. All but James survived to be mentioned in their father's will.

      JAMES STEDMAN alias OSBORN      Yeoman                                                                                                       6 July 1810  Coldwaltham
      PROBATE                                                                                                                                                                   8 August 1811
      ______________________

      Stedman alias Osborn
      James

      In the name of god Amen  I JAMES STEDMAN alias ORSBORN
      of Coldwaltham in the County of Sussex  Yeoman being sick and weak in
      Body but of perfect and sound mind and memory thanks be given to God
      therefore calling unto Mind the mortality of my Body and knowing that it
      is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this my last Will
      and Testament, that is to say, principally first of all I give and
      recommend my Soul unto the Hands of Almighty God that gave it and my
      Body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in a decent  Christian Burial at
      the discretion of my Executor herein after mentioned nothing doubting but
      at the general Resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty
      Power of God.  And as touching such wordly Estate wherewith it hath
      pleased God to  bless me with in this Life  I give devise and dispose of the
      same in the following manner and form.  First I give and bequeath
      to my eight Children namely  William, Clement, George, Francis, Richard,
      Peter, Sarah and Charlotte the Sum of Twenty Pounds each of good
      and lawful Money of Great Britain, except Peter who is to have the Sum
      of Thirty and five Pounds, instead of Twenty Pounds of good and lawful
      Money of Great Britain which said Legacies shall be paid to them
      respectively by my Executor within twelve Calendar Months next after
      my Decease.  Secondly I give and bequeath all that my freehold
      Messauge or Tenement Garden Orchard Lands Grounds and Premises
      thereunto belonging  or in any use appertaining where I now live situate
      lying and being in the Parish of Amberley and the other one in the
      parish of Coldwaltham in the said County of Sussex. Also all
      them my said Three copyhold Estates two of them whereof is situate
      lying and being in the Parish of Amberley and the other one in the
      Parish of Cold Waltham all in the said County of Sussex and holden
      of the Manor of Amberley and to which I have taken out a proper
      Surrender to the Use of this my last Will to my Son Jonathan Stedman
      alias Orsborn freely by him his Heirs and Assignes to be possessed and
      enjoyed forever. Also I further give and bequeath to my Son Jonathan
      Stedman alias Orsborn all and singular all my Household Goods
      Furniture of every description Linen and all Debts Dues Bills Bonds
      as I the said James Stedman alias Orsborn at the time of my Decease
      freely by him the said Jonathan Stedman alias Orsborn or his Heirs
      and Assigns to be possessed and enjoyed forever but I do hereby charge
      and make chargeable all and every Part and Parcel of my Estate both
      real and personal with all and singular the above said Legacies and
      Bequests with the Payment thereof according to the true Intent and
      Meaning hereof by my Executor at such Times as hereby limited for
      the payment thereof. And I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint
      my son Jonathan Stedman alias Orsborn the only and sole Executor of
      this my last Will and Testament.   In Witness whereof I have hereunto
      set my Hand and Seal this Sixth Day of July in the Year of our Lord
      One thousand eight hundred and ten \endash  the Mark X of James
      Stedman alias Orsborn (Ls ) \endash  Signed sealed published and pronounced
      and declared by the said James Stedman alias Orsborn  as and for his
      last Will and Testament in the Presence of   \endash  Jane Booker X her Mark,
      Luke Lee X his Mark   \endash    John Ede \endash

      Effects sworn under £100.

      This Will was proved before me the Rev James Baden Carpenter
      Clerk Surrogate on the 8th day of August 1811 on the
      oath of Jonathan Stedman alias Osborn the sole Executor
      named therein.  To whom a day was given for exhibiting an
      Inventory.
    William of James Steadman alias Osborn
    William of James Steadman alias Osborn
    Died Bef 5 Mar 1811 
    Buried 5 Mar 1811  Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J8HW-3ZX
      Name: James Osborne
      Gender: Male
      Burial Date: 05 Mar 1811
      Burial Place: Cold-Waltham, Sussex, England
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      Indexing Project (Batch) Number: I03621-9
      System Origin: England-EASy
      Source Film Number: 1040977
      Reference Number: item 2
      Collection: England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991
    Probate 8 Mar 1811  Chichester, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    History Mar 1982  ____, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones 
    • Sussex Genealogist & Local Historian Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 125-126, dated March 1982.
      The Sussex Genealogical Centre 1979-1986. CD from prtsoc.org.
      _____________________

      "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones
      An alias persisting through four generations in the Coldwaltham area.

      Although the use of an alias[1] was very common in medieval England and still frequent in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, examples are not met very often in the period 1750-1850. The cases which are found in this period are usually isolated incidences. The Stedman alias Osborn family of the Coldwaltham area, in which the alias was transmitted through several branches and prolific generations is therefore of interest, and may even amount to some sort of record. Many of the ramifications of this family are still obscure but the scope and complications of the alias can be demonstrated. The spellings of the two surnames are standardized throughout.

      The progenitor: John OSBORN, yeoman of Petworth in 1751 but of Coldwaltham [2] in 1763 when he made his will (proved 1763). His only known issue is James below.

      His son: James, baptised 'James STEDMAN, illegitimate' at Petworth in 1747. No clue to the identity of either parent was recorded when he was baptised but he appears in the will of John above as the latter's 'loving son James STEDMAN alias OSBORN'. He was married at Stopham in 1765 as Stedman. He appears in Coldwaltham baptismal entries in 1767, 1772, 1780, 1783 and 1784, but as OSBORN in 1770 and 1774. He described himself as 'STEDMAN alias OSBORN' when he made his will in 1810 (proved 1811) but was buried as plan OSBORN in 1811, as his wife Mary had been eight years before. Mary is mentioned in the will of her father William Roberts (made 1778, proved 1782) as 'Mary OSBORN, wife of James STEDMAN OSOBORN'.

      Grandchildren: Ten, mostly baptised 1767-1784, are known: James, William, Jonathan, George, Clement, Sarah, Charlotte, Francis, Richard and Peter. All but James survived to be mentioned in their father's will, and of the sons, William, George and Richard at least had legitimate issue in the Coldwaltham area. These three sometimes appear as STEDMAN, sometimes as OSBORN and sometimes with an explicit indication of the alias.

      George, for example, was married at Sutton in 1806 as STEDMAN, which is also the name given in the baptismal records (Pulborough and Coldwaltham) of most of his children (1809-1829), but in two cases (1812 and 1829) it is given as OSBORN. He was certified dead in 1838 as 'Stedman commonly called Osborn', but was buried as Osborn like his father. His widow Jemima appears as Stedman in the census returns of 1841, 1851, and 1861 but made her mark as Osborn in the Register of Deaths three times 1846-1848: at the registration of her own death in 1870 she was entered as - 'Osborn otherwise Stedman'.

      William and Richard and their wives present similarly complex examples although it would appear that Richard at least had dropped the Osborn alias by the end of his life as he did not mention it when he made his will in 1845 (proved 1847) and there is no allusion to it in his death registration or that of his widow Mary in 1865.

      The complications arising from the legitimate progeny of George, William and Richard, however, pale into insignificance beside the case of James, illegitimate son of Jonathan 'Osborn alias Stedman' by Rebecca Denier, who was baptised in 1812. According to the practice of the rest of the family this James might have been STEDMAN, OSBORN, DENIER or have used any combination of these as aliases but in fact he appears in the 1841 census as James STRUDWICK, living with Rebecca STRUDWICK in the household of Jonathan STEDMAN; in the will (made 1845 and proved 1849) of Jonathan 'Stedman otherwise Osborn' he appears as the testator's 'natural or reputed son James STEDMAN otherwise STRUDWICK'.

      Great grandchildren: These were very numerous. As with their parents their nomenclature is erratic but is additionally complicated in most cases by the complete absence of explicit indications of the alias. For example, Mary, daughter of George above, was Stedman at baptism in 1809 but Osborn at burial in 1832. Her married sister Martha TYLER appears in birth registrations as 'formerly Stedman' in 1840 but 'formerly Osborn' in 1843 and 1845. James, brother or cousin of Mary and Martha, was married as Stedman in 1828 and most of his children were baptised 1831-1842 under that name, but one was baptised and buried in 1837 as Osborn, and at his own death in 1844 he was registered simply as Osborn although his widow Ann remarried in 1848 as Stedman.

      Great great grandchildren: These were no doubt also numerous but only one has been investigated. This is Frank or Francis, son of James above. He was Stedman at marriage at Bignor in 1852 and at the registration of the birth of his daughter Mary Jane in 1852 and at the registration of her sister Sarah in 1855 he appears as Osborn although no mention of this name appears in the death registration of his wife Sarah in 1959. All members of all branches and generations of the family who have been traced are listed in census returns 1841-1871 as Stedman with the solitary exception of this Frank in 1861 when he is Osborn, no doubt because he was then a widower living in the home of his employer who gave the name by which he knew him to the enumerator.
      ____

      I am grateful to Mrs. P Gill, County Archivist for West Sussex, for providing copies of wills cited; to Mr T I Burborough, Mrs. E Albery and Mr G Hunt for making searches on my behalf; and to Mr S Jepson, formerly Superintendant Registrar at Worthing, who kindly sifted civil records in his custody and first recognized that an alias was at work.
      ____

      Notes:

      [1] D J Steel, National Index of Parish Registers, vol. 1 (1976), 92.

      [2] Except where otherwise stated, Coldwaltham is the place concerned for all the events and records mentioned. All the wills referred to were proved at Chichester.
    'Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850' by John Jones, p. 1
    "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones, p. 1
    "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones
    An alias persisting through four generations in the Coldwaltham area.
    Sussex Genealogist & Local Historian Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 125-126, dated March 1982.
    The Sussex Genealogical Centre 1979-1986. CD from prtsoc.org.
    'Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850' by John Jones, p. 2
    "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones, p. 2
    "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones
    An alias persisting through four generations in the Coldwaltham area.
    Sussex Genealogist & Local Historian Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 125-126, dated March 1982.
    The Sussex Genealogical Centre 1979-1986. CD from prtsoc.org.
    Person ID I8206  Stedman Families of the United Kingdom
    Last Modified 14 May 2012 

    Father John Osborn,   b. 2 Sep 1713, East Dean, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 17 May 1763, Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Mother Miss Stedman,   b. Abt 1727, ____, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Unknown 
    Married Bef 1747 
    Married?
    Marriage Status Unmarried 
    Family ID F4132  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary Roberts,   b. Bef 17 Jan 1747/48,   d. Bef 20 May 1803  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married 17 Dec 1765  Stopham, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • By Licence. Both were of Coldwaltham, and married with the consent of James' guardian - James Watts and Mary's father - William Roberts.
      _____________

      https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NKBC-3N1
      Groom's Name: James Steadman
      Groom's Birth Date:
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      Groom's Age:
      Bride's Name: Mary Robarts
      Bride's Birth Date:
      Bride's Birthplace:
      Bride's Age:
      Marriage Date: 17 Dec 1765
      Marriage Place: Stopham,Sussex,England
      Groom's Father's Name:
      Groom's Mother's Name:
      Bride's Father's Name:
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      Groom's Race:
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      Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M07113-1
      System Origin: England-ODM
      Source Film Number: 0918464, 0416749, 416755
      Reference Number:
      Collection: England, Marriages, 1538\endash 1973
    Record for Stopham, Sussex, Marriage of James Steadman and Mary Robarts
    Record for Stopham, Sussex, Marriage of James Steadman and Mary Robarts
    Marriage bond
    Marriage Bond for James Steadman and Mary Robarts of Coldwaltham
    Marriage Bond for James Steadman and Mary Robarts of Coldwaltham
    James Watts is Bondsman
    Marriage License
    Marriage License for James Steadman and Mary Robarts of Coldwaltham
    Marriage License for James Steadman and Mary Robarts of Coldwaltham
    Children 
     1. James Stedman,   b. Bef 7 Oct 1767,   d. Bef 21 Mar 1791  (Age ~ 23 years)
     2. William Stedman,   b. Bef 9 Dec 1770,   d. Bef 1841  (Age ~ 70 years)
     3. Jonathan Stedman,   b. Bef 29 Nov 1772, ____, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 19 Aug 1849, Thakeham RD, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years)
     4. Clement Osborn,   b. Bef 24 May 1774,   d. Bef 2 Nov 1826  (Age ~ 52 years)
     5. George Stedman,   b. Abt 1776,   d. 13 May 1838, Watersfield, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     6. Sarah Stedman,   b. Bef 1 Dec 1776,   d. Unknown
     7. Charlotte Stedman,   b. Abt 1778, Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Unknown
     8. Francis Stedman,   b. Bef 3 Dec 1780,   d. Unknown
     9. Richard Stedman,   b. Bef 9 Mar 1783, ____, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 5 Dec 1846  (Age ~ 63 years)
     10. Peter Stedman,   b. Bef 25 Apr 1784, ____, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 27 May 1849, Thakeham RD, Sussex, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
    Last Modified 14 May 2012 
    Family ID F4122  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 31 Mar 1747 - Petworth, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 17 Dec 1765 - Stopham, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - 6 Jul 1810 - Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 5 Mar 1811 - Coldwaltham, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - 8 Mar 1811 - Chichester, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsHistory - "Stedman alias Osborn 1750-1850" by John Jones - Mar 1982 - ____, Sussex, England, UK Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth